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Iron deficiency: an ominous sign in patients with systolic chronic heart failure.

In this prospective observational study, Jankowska and colleagues evaluated and followed 546 patients with stable systolic chronic heart failure (CHF) and NYHA class I-IV, for the effect of iron deficiency on survival. Iron deficiency was defined as ferritin < 100 μg or 100-300 g if TSAT was < 20%. The prevalence of iron deficiency was […]